A huppah—often spelled “chuppah“—is a Jewish wedding canopy with four open sides. A Jewish wedding ceremony typically occurs under a chuppah.
The chuppah typically consists of a square cloth made of silk, wool, velvet, or cotton, supported by four poles. The poles stand on the ground and are often held upright by friends of the couple. The poles can also be free-standing and decorated with flowers. Couples can make their own chuppah, use a synagogue‘s chuppah or rent one from a Jewish bookstore or florist.
The chuppah symbolizes the new home that the couple will create. The ancient rabbis compared the chuppah to the tent of Abraham, found in the biblical story. Abraham was famed for his hospitality; his tent had entrances on all four sides so that travelers coming from any direction would have a door to enter.
A chuppah is seen by some as a sign of God’s presence beneath the canopy. Some rabbis will encourage other couples to stand inside the chuppah after the wedding ceremony to reflect or look forward to their own weddings.
Making your own chuppah can offer a way to involve your guests and your family’s religious or ethnic cultures in the wedding. The chuppah can include patterns and materials that are traditional to both partners’ families or cultures.
Some couples like to send their guests squares of fabric and ask them to decorate the squares with words or drawings that will be significant to the couple. The couple then has the squares sewn together into a quilt which becomes the chuppah covering, and ultimately, a wall hanging in their home.
For the chuppah covering, some couples also use a family heirloom, such as a grandparent’s tallit (prayer shawl), a prized family tablecloth (an Irish tradition) or other sacred or familial fabric. Just remember to be careful to secure the fabric in a way that won’t threaten its survival in case of rough weather. Make sure the chuppah can withstand the weather, if outdoors, and is tall enough for the tallest person to stand under it with the center drag of the covering not hitting him or her on the head. The space inside should be big enough for the couple, clergy and a small table for ritual items like wine and glasses. Family and friends in the wedding party, including parents, often stand outside the huppah. Five-foot-by-six is the size of most large prayer shawls, often used as huppah coverings, and is a good size for most weddings. The poles are often 7 1/2 feet tall to accommodate people over 5-foot-10.
Surrounded by loved ones whose joy and prayers are with you, you stand at this chuppah, a symbol of your new home. Its four sides are open, symbolizing the importance of community and of participation in each other’s lives. Friends and family fill the home. May your home be a shelter against the storms, a haven of peace, a stronghold of faith and love.
The wedding canopy can be seen as representing the protective blanket of God, and the love and presence of special people who have died and/or simply could not make the wedding. During the ceremony, introducing the chuppah can be a good time for offering a moment of silence to remember these people. Again, ask your clergy for their preference and advice here.