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Shavuot: The Basics

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Shavuot has both historical and agricultural significance. Two main themes of the holiday are Torah (and the story of Ruth) and agriculture. An important holiday, it’s also one of the less-known.

Shavuot” is the Hebrew word for “weeks.” Seven weeks after the Hebrew slaves left Egypt, seven weeks after Passover, the Israelites were transformed into the Jewish people when they received the Torah at Mt. Sinai.

The Torah tells us that the Israelites would travel on Passover, Shavuot and Sukkot by foot to the Temple in Jerusalem. Shavuot instructions, according to Deuteronomy 26, were to bring a gift of the first fruits of the harvest to the Temple as an acknowledgment that the land and its produce were the fulfillment of God’s promise to Abraham.

Celebrating Shavuot today, some synagogues decorate the sanctuary with greens. Some act out the covenant between God and the children of Israel as a wedding under a chuppah (wedding canopy), with God as the groom, the Jewish people as the bride and the Torah as the wedding contract.

On Shavuot, a small scroll known as The Book of Ruth has been read for centuries. It has a special resonance for all who, like Ruth, are the partner of a Jew and part of a Jewish family. The Book of Ruth does not tell us anything about Ruth’s family of origin, but we do know she chose to leave her home and travel with her mother-in-law, Naomi, back to the land of Israel after her husband died.

Shavuot often resonates for modern-day Ruths, whose stories echo in some way the difficult choice that Ruth made to follow Naomi: deciding to bring Judaism into your home and family. Shavuot is a time when those who have made this choice should be honored and thanked for this gift they give to Judaism!

To help you learn more about this holiday, 18Doors brings you Shavuot: The Basics!

This colorful booklet explains more fully both the historical and agricultural sides of the holiday and describes how you can bring this holiday meaningfully into your home and family. Shavuot can be a fun addition to your list of celebrations, with special dairy foods and decorations that celebrate the abundance of your local harvest. It is also a time for you to celebrate your multicultural heritage as Jews everywhere think of Ruth.


18Doors is here to support interfaith couples and families exploring Jewish life. We offer educational content; connections to welcoming organizations, professionals and programs; resources and trainings for organizations, clergy and other program providers; and our Rukin Rabbinic Fellowship provides offerings for couples in cities nationwide. If you have questions, please contact


Author: 18Doors